Farmers Are Multi-Skilled For a Single Purpose
Ask a farmer what he or she does on a daily basis, and you’re bound to get a wide variety of answers – there’s planting crops, evaluating soil, predicting weather patterns, caring for livestock, repairing and maintaining equipment, keeping detailed financial records, and much more.
As a result, it’s easy to conclude that farmers routinely multitask their abilities and develop new skills to get the daily job done efficiently and safely. Often, they switch from one role to the next without skipping a beat, constantly working to master new methods and skills that might better serve their farms and livestock.
“Before I worked in agriculture, I thought you just put a seed in the ground and watched it grow, then had something to harvest at the end of the season,” says Russell Hedrick, a first-generation farmer who owns JRH Grain Farms in Hickory. “I had no idea about the technology you can employ to ensure you grow a better crop, and I didn’t realize how much I would learn once I was immersed in this occupation.”
More Than A Farmer
Established in 2012, JRH Grain Farms is a 1,000-acre, no-till operation that includes corn, soybeans, wheat, barley, oats and triticale (a hybrid of wheat and rye), as well as pasture-raised beef cattle, Katahdin sheep and Berkshire pigs.
JRH Grain Farms also has a seed- cleaning facility that serves various local farms, and Hedrick says his farm is the only one in the state that produces bourbon. Additionally, Hedrick makes legal moonshine and stone-ground grits and cornmeal.
His operation has evolved over the years as he has continued to learn about soil science and technology. For example, he now uses sensors buried 48 inches in the ground to monitor soil moisture and temperature, as well as rooting depth and electrical conductivity, helping him to conserve water.
Hedrick has also worked with scientists and researchers across the U.S. to reduce his farm’s soil fertility needs by approximately 70 percent, which further contributes to his conservation efforts and results in significant cost savings. In addition, he has created a cover crop by blending five different plants that helps limit soil erosion, suppress winter weeds, scavenge excess nutrients from the preceding crop and improve the soil’s biological health.
He sharpens his educator skills regularly, sharing his knowledge with other farmers who might also bene t from it. Hedrick hosts a Field Day each year that features guest speakers like Ray Archuleta, a famed North Carolina conservation agronomist, where farmers have the opportunity to learn how they can enhance their operations and improve their soil without damaging the environment.
In addition, Hedrick is a businessman, marketing his products directly to consumers using social media channels like Facebook and Twitter, and he promotes agriculture by working with organizations like Catawba County Farm Bureau’s Young Farmers and Ranchers team and the North Carolina Farm Bureau.
“I try to advocate for agriculture any way I can,” Hedrick says. “Here in Catawba County, we have Farm to Fork Week every June, and the last two years my farm has hosted a daylong event. Members of the community have come out and looked at our equipment and our operation, and this year we hosted kids of all ages.”
In nearby Mocksville, third- generation farmer Henry Walker operates Henry Walker Farms with his son, Stacy. The farm includes approximately 235 acres of corn, 300 acres of soybeans and 165 acres of wheat, plus a herd of about 280 beef cattle that are sold to buyers across the U.S. via video auction.
“When it comes to the cattle, I have to be a veterinarian and a feed consultant sometimes, plus a marketer and a businessman,” Walker says.
Although Walker says he gleaned a significant amount of agriculture knowledge and farm skills from his father and grandfather, he has kept up with the industry’s changes throughout his career, which he says directly corresponds to his success and longevity.
“If you want to succeed as a farmer, you always have to be learning, and you have to do a little bit of everything,” Walker says. “You have to be an agronomist, a mechanic, a welder, a livestock expert and an accountant. I’m constantly reading, studying and going to educational meetings to make sure I’m staying up to date with what’s happening in agriculture. It’s a never-ending process, and I try to learn something new every day.”
In addition, like Hedrick, Walker develops his agricultural advocate skills regularly – something he says is a must for today’s farmers.
“I’ve served on several state and county agriculture boards, including the North Carolina Soybean Producers Association, and I’m active with the North Carolina Farm Bureau,” Walker says. “It’s common to work with legislators, and it’s a good idea to be comfortable with public speaking. Giving presentations and speaking to the media is part of the job, and it’s especially important now since farmers are in the minority.”
– Jessica Walker Boehm